Model of the Steam Locomotive, Puffing Billy

This is a 1-1/2" scale model of the Puffing Billy, a locomotive built in 1813-1814 by William Hedley, superintendent of the Wylam Colliery near Newcastle, England. The model shows a horizontal boiler, two verticle cylinders and two rocking beams.
Hauling 50 tons at its normal operating speed of 5 mph, the locomotive did the work of ten horses at considerably less cost. Hedley’s success helped establish the locomotive as an economic and practical machine. The Puffing Billy was retired in 1862 and may now be seen at the Science Museum in London.
Currently on loan
Object Name
model, locomotive
date made
Puffing Billy locomotive constructed
Holden, E. H.
Physical Description
brass (engine material)
wood (engine material)
steel (engine material)
leather (hose material)
wood, brass (tender material)
lead (figurine material)
overall: 21 1/2 in x 9 in x 32 1/2 in; 54.61 cm x 22.86 cm x 82.55 cm
place made
United Kingdom: England
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
See more items in
Work and Industry: Transportation, Railroad
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Gift of H. Nelson Slater, Jr.
Additional Media

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