Model of the Steam Locomotive, Puffing Billy

This is a 1-1/2" scale model of the Puffing Billy, a locomotive built in 1813-1814 by William Hedley, superintendent of the Wylam Colliery near Newcastle, England. The model shows a horizontal boiler, two verticle cylinders and two rocking beams.
Hauling 50 tons at its normal operating speed of 5 mph, the locomotive did the work of ten horses at considerably less cost. Hedley’s success helped establish the locomotive as an economic and practical machine. The Puffing Billy was retired in 1862 and may now be seen at the Science Museum in London.
Currently on loan
Object Name
model, locomotive
date made
Puffing Billy locomotive constructed
Holden, E. H.
Physical Description
brass (engine material)
wood (engine material)
steel (engine material)
leather (hose material)
wood, brass (tender material)
lead (figurine material)
overall: 21 1/2 in x 9 in x 32 1/2 in; 54.61 cm x 22.86 cm x 82.55 cm
place made
United Kingdom: England
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
See more items in
Work and Industry: Transportation, Railroad
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Gift of H. Nelson Slater, Jr.
Additional Media

Visitor Comments

Add a comment about this object

**Please read before submitting the form**

Have a comment or question about this object to share with the community? Please use the form below. Selected comments will appear on this page and may receive a museum response (but we can't promise). Please note that we generally cannot answer questions about the history, rarity, or value of your personal artifacts.

Have a question about anything else, or would you prefer a personal response? Please visit our FAQ or contact page.

Personal information will not be shared or result in unsolicited e-mail. See our privacy policy.

Enter the characters shown in the image.