Ship Model, Schooner Fredonia

Description
This model represents the fishing schooner Fredonia, designed by the well-known yacht designer Edward Burgess of Boston. Burgess designed several America’s Cup racing yachts, including the Puritan, the Mayflower, and the Volunteer, which successfully defended the cup in 1885, 1886, and 1887, respectively. From Burgess’s plans, Moses Adams built the Fredonia in 1889, at Essex, Mass. The schooner measured 111’-6” long, with a beam (width) of 23’-6”, and a depth of 10’-3”. Adams also built the schooner Nellie Dixon from the same plans in East Boston that year.
After launching, the Fredonia was used as a yacht and made a transatlantic cruise before being refitted for work in the offshore fisheries. The vessel became known for its speed, and attracted attention for its fine lines. Its clipper-style bow with carved trail boards led to a long bowsprit (a spar extending forward from the bow that carried the jib). The design influenced fishing schooners for years to come, and vessels built on the Fredonia model came to represent the quintessential New England fishing schooner.
The Fredonia’s influence belied its short life. In 1896 the vessel met with disaster while fishing for cod on the Grand Banks. During a December storm the Fredonia sank, with all but two of its crew of 23 saved by other schooners fishing in the area.
date made
1889
ship built
1889
ship sank
1896-12
designer
Burgess, Edward
shipbuilder
Adams, Moses
where ship was built
United States: Massachusetts, Essex
where ship sank
Canada: Newfoundland and Labrador, Grand Bank
geographic area
United States: New England
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
textile (part: sails material)
metal (part: fittings material)
Measurements
overall: 61 in x 7 ft x 12 in; 154.94 cm x 2.1336 m x 30.48 cm
ID Number
TR.076253
catalog number
076253
accession number
28022
Credit Line
Transfer from U.S. Fish Commission
subject
Engineering
related event
The Development of the Industrial United States
See more items in
Work and Industry: Maritime
Engineering, Building, and Architecture
On the Water exhibit
Exhibition
On the Water
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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