Weeden No. 23 Hot-Air Engine Toy

Description (Brief)
The Weeden Manufacturing Company of New Bedford, Massachusetts produced this number 23 “hot air” engine from the 1890s until 1916. The engine is not a steam engine, as no water is heated. Instead the firebox heats air which expands and moves a piston to create useful mechanical work. The toy consists of a vertical firebox, with a nickel-plated horizontal engine that drives a 2.25-inch flywheel all mounted on a cast iron base.
The Weeden Manufacturing Company was founded in New Bedford, Massachusetts by William M. Weeden in the early 1880s, originally producing a variety of tinplate household items. In 1884 it introduced the Weeden No. 1 Steam engine as “a new and great premium for boys” who were subscribers to the Youth’s Companion magazine. Weeden made over a hundred different models of toy steam engines until the company ceased operations in 1952.
Currently not on view
date made
ca 1900
overall - from catalog card: 8 in x 4 in; x 20.32 cm x 10.16 cm
flywheel - from catalog card: 2 1/4 in; x 5.715 cm
overall: 7 1/8 in x 8 1/8 in x 4 in; 18.0975 cm x 20.6375 cm x 10.16 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
Bequest of the Estate of Greville I. Bathe
See more items in
Work and Industry: Mechanical and Civil Engineering
Engineering Steam Toys and Models
Engineering, Building, and Architecture
Family & Social Life
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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