Reid Gyroscopic Engine Governor, Patent Model

This model was submitted to the U.S. Patent Office with the application for the patent issued to Joseph Reid, Monroe, Louisiana, October 21, 1879, no. 220867.
This model represents a hollow vertical spindle geared to be driven by the engine. Pivoted at the top of the spindle is a gyroscopic wheel, which ordinarily rests at an inclination to the spindle but when rotated is acted upon by gyroscopic and centrifugal forces tending to swing the axis of the wheel to the vertical. The changes in position of the wheel follow changes in velocity of the wheel, so that by suitable connections of the axis of the wheel to a governor valve the device will control the speed of the engine to which it is attached.
This description comes from the 1939 Catalog of the Mechanical Collections of the Division of Engineering United States Museum Bulletin 173 by Frank A. Taylor.
Currently not on view
Object Name
patent model, governor, engine
date made
patent date
Reid, Joseph
overall: 12 1/4 in x 5 3/8 in x 7 1/4 in; 31.115 cm x 13.6525 cm x 18.415 cm
overall - from catalog card: 12 in x 6 in x 5 in; 30.48 cm x 15.24 cm x 12.7 cm
place made
United States: Louisiana, Monroe
associated place
United States: Louisiana, Monroe
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
patent number
Engineering, Building, and Architecture
Industry & Manufacturing
Bulletin 173
See more items in
Work and Industry: Mechanical and Civil Engineering
Bulletin 173
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Related Publication
Frank A. Taylor. Catalog of the Mechanical Collections of the Division of Engineering United States National Museum, Bulletin 173

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