Samuel W. Francis Typewriter Patent Model

Samuel Ward Francis of New York, New York received patent number 18,504 on October 27, 1857 for this printing-machine patent model. The model has a light wooden frame with four piano keys, and a metal platen carriage system. Samuel Francis made several attempts at an early typewriter prototypes, and held several patents (see object ME*180060) for early printing machines. This patent was related to the circular arrangement of the type hammers that allowed them to strike in the same place. Additionally, the patent covered the paper carrier moving by spring and catch so that paper would move whenever a letter on the key has been struck allowing for a continuous printing line.
Currently not on view
Object Name
patent model, typewriter
date made
patent date
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
Francis, Samuel Ward
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
overall: 6 1/2 in x 12 in x 12 in; 16.51 cm x 30.48 cm x 30.48 cm
associated place
United States: New York, New York
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
patent number
Computers & Business Machines
See more items in
Work and Industry: Mechanisms
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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