Bill Keating's Mule Driver's Whip

This mule driver’s whip belonged to William (Bill) Keating who worked as a miner in Schuykill County, Pennsylvania during the first half of the 20th century. Miner’s would load their coal onto mule-drawn carts and claim their coal with an ID so they could be paid when the coal was weighed at the head of the mine. Miners often felt close to the mules used to haul the coal. While working as a mule driver in a Pennsylvania coal miner Bill Keating composed the ballad “Down, Down, Down” to “break my loneliness and to show my mule I was in a friendly mood.”
overall: 66 in x 2 in; 167.64 cm x 5.08 cm
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Credit Line
William E. Keating
See more items in
Work and Industry: Agriculture
Industry & Manufacturing
American Enterprise
American Enterprise
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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