Miner's Safety Lamp

Description
This Clanny-style safety lamp was manufactured by the Hughes Brothers of Scranton, Pennsylvania in the latter half of the 19th century. The lamp is called a safety lamp because it can be used in the presence of flammable gas. In 1815, inventor Sir Humphry Davy discovered that surrounding the flame with a fine wire gauze would cool the flame to such an extent that it could not ignite the gas surrounding the lamp. In 1813 William Clanny’s safety lamp innovation was the use of glass to surround the flame, and later safety lamps often feature both wire gauze and a glass globe at the lamps bottom. Safety lamps are used to this day for gas detection, even as mine lighting has been replaced by electric lights.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
lamp, hand, mining
Measurements
overall: 10 1/2 in; 26.67 cm
ID Number
AG*MHI-MN-8126
accession number
239148
catalog number
MHI-MN-8126
subject
Work
Industry & Manufacturing
Mining Lamps
Grant Wheat Collection
See more items in
Work and Industry: Mining
Grant Wheat Collection
Mining Lamps
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
depicted
Pohs, Henry A.. Early Underground Lamps

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