Bliss-Baldwin Lathe

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Description (Brief)
This metalworking lathe was built in New Ipswich, New Hampshire in the 1820s. The lathe is remarkable because of its unusual gearing arrangement. In typical lathe construction the gearing is located near the lathe’s drive pulleys, this lathe’s gears are at floor level. Such a variation in gear placement suggests that the builder of this lathe was influenced by similarly designed textile machines of the period. The bed length on this lathe is 45.5 inches, and it has 10 inches of swing.
Currently not on view
cutting tool: 48 in x 12 in x 7/16 in; 121.92 cm x 30.48 cm x 1.10998 cm
overall: 45 in x 60 in x 21 in; 114.3 cm x 152.4 cm x 53.34 cm
cutting tool: 1 in x 7/16 in x 4 in; 2.54 cm x 1.11125 cm x 10.16 cm
ID Number
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Work and Industry: Production and Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Machine Shop
Data Source
National Museum of American History


I have what I believe is an earlier model prototype which I sent a picture to the vintage machinery site and pictures of a "Eagle" lathe in my collection.

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