Model of the 1829 Steam Locomotive, Rocket

Description
This is a 1/2 inch scale model of the Robert Stephenson's steam locomotive Rocket which won the locomotive trials at Rainhill England in 1829. The model shows a four wheel locomotive with front leading wheels, inclined cylinders, firebox, boiler and stack with a four wheel tender.
The Rocket attracted worldwide attention for its superior performance. Its multi-tube boiler was the basis of its success. To this time, most locomotive boilers contained only one or two tubes that carried hot gases from the fire through the boiler, which was filled with water, to make steam. The Rocket, however, employed 25 copper tubes that doubled the heating surface of the older, single-tube boiler engines. The large heating surface not only generated an abundant supply of steam, but also resulted in a remarkable fuel economy; the new engine consumed only a third of the fuel that the older style engines required. In light of such obvious advantages, the multi-tube boiler became a standard feature in subsequent steam locomotive design.
The Rocket hauled trains on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway until 1836, when it was deemed too light for regular service. Its second owner altered the machine and operated it until 1844. In 1862, the locomotive was placed on exhibit at the Science Museum in London, where it can still be seen today.
Location
Currently on loan
Object Name
locomotive model
model, locomotive
Locomotive and Tender, Rocket
date made
1829
Rocket locomotive constructed
1829
Physical Description
metal (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 7 1/2 in x 3 1/2 in x 11 3/4 in; 19.05 cm x 8.89 cm x 29.845 cm
ID Number
TR*322289
accession number
246799
catalog number
322289
subject
Railroads
Locomotives
See more items in
Work and Industry: Transportation, Railroad
Transportation
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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