John Marshall (1663-1725) was an optical instrument maker in London whose “Great Double Microscope” introduced in around 1693 was similar in many ways to Hooke’s instrument. A compound binocular with cardboard tube, wooden fittings, and screw focus, it attached to a pillar that sat atop a ball and socket joint. It had a glass stage, a sub-stage mirror, and a wooden based with drawer to hold accessories. The form remained popular throughout the century. The Smithsonian’s example is a replica based on the illustration in John Harris, Lexicon Technicum (London, 1704), art. “Microscopes.”
Ref: John Mayall, Cantor Lectures on the Microscope (London, 1886), pp. 36-37.
Reginald Clay and Thomas Court, The History of the Microscope (London, 1932), pp. 90-107.
Currently not on view
Object Name
date made
Lucas, Joseph D.
place made
United States: Ohio, Cleveland
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Science & Mathematics
Science & Scientific Instruments
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Mrs. Joseph D. Lucas
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