Set Square Signed Chapotot

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Description
This 6-1/2" brass rule unfolds to form a set square. The outer edge of one leg has a scale for German inches (roughly 1-1/32 English inches), numbered by ones from 1 to 6. The first unit is divided into twelfths. The scale is marked: Demy pied de Rhin [half a foot of the Rhine]. The inner edge of this leg has a scale numbered by tens from -10 to 50. The first unit is divided into tenths. The scale is marked: Eschelle [scale]. This leg is also marked: CHAPOTOT A PARIS.
Both edges of the other leg have scales for French inches (roughly 1-1/16 English inches), numbered by ones from 1 to 6. The first unit on the outer edge is divided into twelfths. The leg is marked: Demy pied de Roy [half a foot of the French king]. This leg has a pinhole and a larger hole (1/4" diameter) for hanging plumb lines. Compare to 1985.0580.03, 316929, 317362, and 316914.
Louis Chapotot and his son, Jean, were prolific instrument makers with a workshop at Quay de l'Horloge du Palais à la Sphère Royale in Paris. Louis is known to have been active around 1670 to 1700, and Jean worked from about 1690 to 1721.
Albert Haertlein (1895–1960), who collected this square, graduated with a bachelor's degree in civil engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1918. He served in the engineering corps of the U.S. Army during World War I and taught engineering at Harvard from 1919 until 1959. Haertlein was prominent in the American Society of Civil Engineers.
References: J. A. Bennett, "New Acquisition: 'La planchette,'" Sphaera no. 9 (Spring 1999), https://www.mhs.ox.ac.uk/sphaera/issue9/articl4.htm; Adler Planetarium, Webster Signature Database, http://historydb.adlerplanetarium.org/signatures/; "News From the Classes," Technology Review 21 (1919): 645; Albert Haertlein, Papers, HUG4444, Harvard University Archives, Cambridge, Mass.
Location
Currently not on view
date made
1670-1721
maker
Chapotot, Louis
Chapotot, Jean
place made
France: Île-de-France, Paris
Physical Description
brass (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 16.5 cm x 2 cm x .5 cm; 6 1/2 in x 25/32 in x 3/16 in
ID Number
1985.0580.02
accession number
1985.0580
catalog number
333927
Credit Line
Gift of Mrs. Albert Haertlein
subject
Drawing Instruments
Mathematics
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Science & Mathematics
Squares and Triangles
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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