The lower shoulder of this jar bears the inscription AGARICO. TROCISCATO. It would have held Agaricus Trochis, or agaric lozenges. Agaric is a type of fungus or mushroom, usually found at the base of trees. The lozenge would be made by combining the fungus with ginger and a gum substnace, and were used to treat excessive sweats associated with scrofula, also known at different points in history as consumption and tuberculosis. According to theDictionary of Protopharmacology, Agaricus is a fungus, Boletus igniarius which is used to stop bleeding.
This drug jar belongs to a series of jars 1991.0664.0525 through 1991.0664.0529 which are attributed to eighteenth century Savona. They have a white background decorated with blue vines and yellow flowers. The center contains a coat of arms framed by a yellow shield and topped by a knight’s helmet. The escutcheon has a radiant yellow star at the top, three horizontal yellow stars on a white background in the center of the shield, and a lower field of blue and yellow stripes. The initials G.C. are on the lower left side of the shield, and the initial E is positioned at the lower right side of the shield.
Currently not on view
Object Name
date made
ca 1700
Physical Description
ceramic (overall material)
overall: 16.3 cm x 10 cm; 6 7/16 in x 3 15/16 in
ID Number
accession number
collector/donor number
SAP 449
catalog number
European Apothecary
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Medicine
European Apothecary
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Bristol-Myers Squibb Company
Related Publication
Urdang, George and Ferdinand William Nitardy. The Squibb Ancient Pharmacy: A Catalogue of the Collection
Additional Media

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