From butter churns to diesel tractors, the Museum's agricultural artifacts trace the story of Americans who work the land. Agricultural tools and machinery in the collections range from a John Deere plow of the 1830s to 20th-century cultivators and harvesters. The Museum's holdings also include overalls, aprons, and sunbonnets; farm photographs; milk cans and food jars; handmade horse collars; and some 200 oral histories of farm men and women in the South. Prints in the collections show hundreds of scenes of rural life. The politics of agriculture are part of the story, too, told in materials related to farm workers' unions and a group of artifacts donated by the family of the labor leader Cesar Chavez.
"Agriculture - Overview" showing 1154 items.
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- D'Arazien was one of the leading industrial photographers of the mid-twentieth century. He began his photographic career as an assistant to a famous theatrical photographer, documenting Broadway shows. Dramatic theatrical lighting heavily influenced his later work. Taught aerial photography for the Air Force during World War II, and began career in industrial photography with the De Laval Separator Company, New York City. His energy and creativity led to assignments considered too difficult for other photographers. His growing reputation kept pace with the dynamic growth of the industrial and technological activities he photographed, 1950s-1980s.
- He developed special techniques to obtain the grand, sweeping views that became his trademark, including multiple exposures, dramatic or elaborate lighting, with assistants communicating by radio, complex arrangements, while acting as a producer and impresario as much as photographer. A skilled painter and metal sculptor as well as photographer, d'Arazien came from a family of artists. His photographs, made primarily on commercial assignments, have been exhibited and collected by art museums. He died in 2002.
- Series 1 : Professional industrial photographs. Photographs document primarily American business and industry (including some taken in Canada). Black-and-white negatives with prints from these negatives, also color negative and transparency materials. Most transparencies are 8" x 10". The photographs demonstrate the photographer's reputation as a master of dramatic lighting and the coordination of large-scale, complex industrial setups in factories, steel mills, and even outdoor settings. Also 65 color prints, mostly Type C with a few Cibachromes, made from the original transparencies for exhibition purposes, mostly wet-mounted to Masonite. Black-and-white photographs include pictures of d'Arazien at work--some by Life magazine photographer Alfred Eisenstaedt.
- Series 2 : D'Arazien's files of printed materials, some of which include photomechanical reproductions of his work, indicating how the photographs were used by clients; also annual reports, magazine tearsheets from advertising and editorial uses, and other promotional items, in addition to biographical materials.
- 2007 addendum: Transparencies, slides, prints and negatives of additional photographs by Arthur d'Arazien, including industrial subjects as well as travel, architectural, agricultural, portrait, art, still life and personal photographs. Also included are miscellaneous papers, mostly relating to d'Arazien's photographic work.
- Cite as
- Arthur d'Arazien Industrial Photographs, ca. 1930-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
- ca 1930-2002
- 20th century
- d'Arazien, Arthur
- Local number
- 1991.3059 (NMAH Acc.)
- Pending (NMAH Acc.)
- Data Source
- Archives Center - NMAH
- No Image Available
- Company Name
- Farm & Power Equipment Magazine
- Record ID
- Data source
- Smithsonian Libraries
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