Loyal Voters

After the Civil War, former Confederate officers were stripped of their political rights, including the rights to vote and to hold office, and required to take oaths of loyalty to the United States to regain them. In 1868 the Fourteenth Amendment made loyalty to the United States a requirement for voting when it specified only two reasons for disenfranchising a citizen: participation in rebellion or other unspecified crime.

Presidential pardon granted to John Walden, 1865

Presidential pardon granted to John Walden, 1865

Gift of Gilbert B. Walden