(1871-1949) was born in Granada, Spain, to a family of artists. The Fortunys
lived in Paris and Spain and eventually settled in Venice, Italy, after
his father's death in 1874. Inspired by his surroundings and encouraged
by his family, Mariano became a painter. Fortuny's artistic interests
covered a range of creative endeavors, from sculpture, photography, and
interior design to stage and set design and stage lighting. His interest
in dyes and chemistry led him to textile and costume design, areas for
which he is best known today.