December 7, 1941

The U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaiʻi, in flames, 1941
Courtesy of National Archives

"Yesterday, December 7, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. . ."

President Franklin Roosevelt

Honolulu Star-Bulletin newspaper, December 7, 1941

Toku Shimomura of Seattle described in her diary hearing news of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, 1941

[transcription]
December 7, 1941

When I came back from church today, I heard the dreamlike news that Japanese airplanes had bombed Hawaiʻi. I was shocked beyond belief. I sat in front of the radio and listened to the news all day. They said that at 6 a.m. Japan declared war on the United States. Our future has become gloomy. I pray that God will stay with us.