Reflection

“ In sum, Executive Order 9066 was not justified by military necessity, and the decisions which followed from it . . . were not founded upon military considerations. The broad historical causes which shaped these decisions were race prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadership.”

Personal Justice Denied, the report by the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians, 1982

Dust storm at Manzanar camp in California, 1942 
Dorothea Lange, Courtesy of Library of Congress
“Among our strengths as a nation is our willingness to acknowledge imperfection as well as to struggle for a more just society.”

–Personal Justice Denied, the report by the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians, 1982