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Enoch Herbert Crowder

Enoch Herbert Crowder



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Enoch Herbert Crowder (1859–1932)
CLASS OF 1881

No sooner had Crowder joined the frontier cavalry than he began studying for the law degree that redirected his career. Transferred to the Judge Advocate Corps, he oversaw a thorough updating of the Articles of War and the Manual for Courts Martial. Eventually Crowder became judge advocate general.

When war in Europe after 1914 showed that America’s reliance on volunteers would not produce the huge numbers that modern war seemed to demand, Crowder helped draft and implement the 1917 Selective Service Act. Reasonably equitable and administered chiefly by civilian volunteers in local draft boards, it was conscription with a human face that avoided the Civil War’s widespread opposition and violence. The draft registered almost 24 million men and called about 2.8 million into service—four-fifths of the army raised by the United States in World War I.



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Supplying the Army




Key Figures






Hugh Samuel Johnson
Hugh Samuel Johnson
1882–1942
Class of 1903



Hugh Lenox Scott
Hugh Lenox Scott
1853–1934
Class of 1876



Enoch Herbert Crowder
Enoch Herbert Crowder
1859–1932
Class of 1881





Smithsonian National Museum of American History


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West Point in History Introduction 1802–1860 1861–1870 1866–1914 1914–1918 Epilogue Introduction 1802–1860 1861–1870 1866–1914 1914–1918 Epilogue Mobilizing Manpower and Industry Supplying the Army America at War