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George Owen Squier

George Owen Squier



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George Owen Squier (1865–1934)
CLASS OF 1887

Squier followed graduation from West Point with advanced study at Baltimore’s Johns Hopkins University, becoming in 1893 the army’s first Ph.D. Forty years of electrical research, including several basic radio patents, won him membership in the National Academy of Sciences.

Squier in 1905 established the army’s first signals school at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and later the army’s radio research laboratory at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey. He also pioneered army aviation, writing the first specifications for a military airplane in 1907 and later founding the army’s aviation research laboratory at Langley Field, Virginia.

Appointed chief signal officer in 1917, Squier oversaw all army communications and aviation in World War I. Although his reputation took a bruising from wartime problems with aircraft production over which he had little control, Squier deserves great credit for institutionalizing research in the army.



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America at War




Key Figures






William Crozier
William Crozier
1855–1942
Class of 1876



Henry Granville Sharpe
Henry Granville Sharpe
1858–1947
Class of 1880



George Owen Squier
George Owen Squier
1865–1934
Class of 1887





Smithsonian National Museum of American History


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