Manufacturers implemented mass production through division of labor, assembly lines, large factories, and specialized machinery—requiring huge financial investment. Henry Ford and his engineers applied techniques developed in the automobile industry to revolutionize tractor production. Mass production lowered prices for consumers, but relegated workers to low-skill, mind-numbing jobs.
Many factories adopted mass production—large volume, installation of specialized machinery to reduce human labor, and the use of low-skilled workers. Labor turnover was very high.
The American system of factory production relied on division of labor. Workers performed specialized tasks.