The Seven Years War (1754-1763)
The Seven Years’ War, a prelude to the American Revolution, fundamentally realigned colonial power around the world. Although sparked by conflicts in North America, it grew into a global contest between all major European nations fought on five continents and surrounding seas. The war finally ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763. As illustrated on the adjacent map, France’s defeat meant ceding all its land claims in North America to Britain and Spain. After the war, France soon began plotting revenge on Britain.
Battle of the Monongahela
The Battle of the Monongahela in July 1755 was the most important early battle of the Seven Years’ War in North America. There British forces, under General Edward Braddock, lost badly to French soldiers and their American Indian allies. Braddock was mortally wounded, but his American ally George Washington fought valiantly and gained wide acclaim.