Separate Is Not Equal - Brown v. Board of Education

Smithsonian National Museum of American History Behring Center

Segregated America
The Battleground
  • The Educated Citizen
  • Quest for Education
  • Pursuit of Equality
Legal Campaign
Five Communities Change a Nation
The Decision

A Study of Educational Inequalities in South Carolina
Video Transcript

  1. The following video film is an edited version of a silent film produced by Charles Houston for the NAACP in the early 1930s.
  2. A Study of Educational Inequalities in South Carolina.
  3. A Visual Presentation by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
  4. United States of America [map of U.S., with South Carolina labeled]
  5. South Carolina School Population, 1932 - 1933.
    • Total: 677,587
    • White: 344,697
    • Negro: 332,890
  6. Yet in 1932-1933, school district expenditures for the State were:
    • Total school district expenditures . . . . $11,513,935.00
    • Expenditures for whites. . . . . . . . . . . . $10,147,556
    • Expenditures for negroes . . . . . . . . . . .$ 1,366,379.00
  7. Salaries of Teachers in South Carolina
    • White: $7,108,366
    • Negro: $1,246,993
  8. A comparison of transportation costs in 4 counties of SC
    • Total No. of white elementary and high school pupils: 44,859
    • Spent for transportation: $70,307
    • Total No of negro elementary and high school pupils: 25,834
    • Spent for transportation: $628
  9. In spite of poverty, oppression and discrimination, South Carolina Negroes are making strenuous efforts to educate themselves. White philanthropy plays a leading part; but an even more significant factor is educational work by Negro church denominations.
  10. Mt. Arat Baptist Church provided school space until the building became uninhabitable. The county furnishes nothing in this district but the teacher’s salary.
  11. The temporary quarters—one room, 20’ x 16’. Rent—$5.00 a month. One teacher, for four month term. Salary —$35.00 a month.
  12. Sixty-eight pupils on seven benches learn their three R’s. They have no desks, no tables, no stove.
  13. All day long they sit like this indoors.
  14. Oakley Hall (white) has transportation, repairs, and supplies from the county.
  15. Colored patrons furnished the Crawford Rosenwald School at Ogden, when county promises failed to materialize.
  16. This video was edited by The History Channel for the exhibition Separate Is Not Equal: Brown v. Board of Education
  17. The History Channel: Where The Past Comes Alive. Copyright 2003 A&E Television Networks. All Rights Reserved.
  18. In Association with
  19. Smithsonian National Museum of American History, Behring Center

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