Separate Is Not Equal - Brown v. Board of Education

Smithsonian National Museum of American History Behring Center

Segregated America
The Battleground
Legal Campaign
Five Communities Change a Nation
  • Clarendon County, SC
  • Topeka, Kansas
  • Farmville, Virginia
  • New Castle County, DE
  • Washington, DC
The Decision
Shirley Barbara Bulah as a grade school student

Shirley Barbara Bulah as a grade school student

Shirley Bulah endured a long daily walk to the Hockessin Colored Elementary School. Her mother, Sarah, asked if her daughter could share a bus with white children or have a separate bus. When her requests were refused, she went to see attorney Louis Redding.

Fearful of change, the pastor of the local African Methodist Episcopal Church opposed Sarah Bulah’s lawsuit, and many black people stopped speaking to her. But her push for school integration had the firm support of the Wilmington branch of the NAACP.
(Courtesy of Philip E. Stamps, Jr.)

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