The Immortal Four Horseman of Notre Dame


Cards autographed by The Immortal Four Horsemen of Notre Dame, given to collector Ray Dornbach.

Elmer Layden, Jim Crowley, Don Miller and Harry Stuhldreher were former college football players known as the >The Four Horsemen of Notre Dame, a moniker coined in 1924 by groundbreaking sports journalist Grantland Rice. The title is a reference to the Bible's Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse.

Under legendary coach Knute Rockne, Quarterback Stuhldreher, fullback Layden, and halfbacks Crowley and Miller led Notre Dame University's football team to consecutive one-loss seasons in 1922/1923.

The following year, they would emerge undefeated for the season, going 10-0, winning the 1925 Rose Bowl and being named National Champions. During the campaign, Rice first referenced the backfield quartet as The Four Horsemen after Notre Dame pulled out a surprising win over Army in October. Inspired by the name, an enterprising Notre Dame publicity aide photographed the four players on horses, creating a media sensation as the team continued to dominate its opposition.

The 1920's are often referred to as America's Golden Age of Sports, as spectator sports became more accepted and mainstream. Journalists such as Rice stoked fan interest, adding drama and storylines to the games, generating national news.

Thru Person: Rinsland, George

Location: Currently not on view

Associated Place: United States: Indiana, Notre Dame

Subject: FootballWeb Subject: SportsSubject: College


See more items in: Culture and the Arts: Sport and Leisure


Exhibition Location:

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: CL.310547.036Accession Number: 310547Catalog Number: 310547.036

Object Name: Cards, Baseball (5)autographs (5)autographs, football

Physical Description: paper (overall material)Measurements: overall: 10 in x 8 in; 25.4 cm x 20.32 cm


Record Id: nmah_1064967

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