1837 Swasey's Patent Model of a Cloth Napping Machine


Cloth Napping Machine Patent Model

Patent No. 350, issued August 8, 1837

Benjamin Swasey of Mount Vernon, Maine

Swasey’s patent concerned the setting of teazles ( thistle-like plant heads) in the wires of the large napping cylinder. He also claimed certain springs and levers that shifted the cloth rollers in and out of gear. This shifting of the cloth rollers caused the cloth to come in contact with the teazles as the cloth was wound forward and then disengaged the cloth from the teazles as the cloth rewound.

In this way, the cloth could roll from one cylinder to another as long as necessary to ensure a well-napped surface. Also, the shifting of gears did not require a person to match and unmatch the gears. Friction bands on the ends of the cloth rollers, together with hanging weights, kept tension on the cloth even.

Model Constructed: before 1837-08-08Date Made: before1837-08-08Patent Date: 1837-08-08

Inventor: Swasey, Benjamin

Location: Currently not on view

Associated Place: United States: Maine, Mount Vernon

Classified: Patent ModelsInvention


See more items in: Home and Community Life: Textiles, Patent Models, Textile Machinery, Textiles, Patent Models


Exhibition Location:

Related Publication: Janssen, Barbara Suit. Patent Models Index

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: TE.T11403.011Accession Number: 89797Catalog Number: T11403.011Accession Number: 89797Patent Number: 350

Object Name: cloth napping machinecloth napping machine patent modelObject Type: Patent Model

Physical Description: wood (overall material)metal (mechanisms material)cloth (cylinders material)

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-3402-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_1071147

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