A cystoscope is used to examine the inside of a bladder. In 1878, Maximilian Carl-Friedrich Nitze (1848-1906), a German urologist, unveiled a cystoscope that he had created in collaboration with Joseph Leiter, a Viennese instrument maker. The “P. HARTWIG / BERLIN” inscription in the lid of the case of this example refers to the German instrument maker, Paul Hartwig.

Ref: Willy Meyer, “The Progress of Cytoscopy in the Last Three Years,” The New York Medical Journal (Jan. 30, 1892): 113-119.

Maker: Hartwig, Paul

Location: Currently not on view

See more items in: Medicine and Science: Medicine


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the State of Maryland

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: MG.302606.180.02Accession Number: 302606Catalog Number: 302606.180.02

Object Name: Cystoscope

Physical Description: metal, steel (overall material)rubber (overall material)cotton (overall material)red (overall color)blue (overall color)Measurements: average spatial: 34.4 cm x 9.2 cm x 3.5 cm; 13 9/16 in x 3 5/8 in x 1 3/8 in


Record Id: nmah_1094132

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