Variation 4, "Bolling Crest" series, Sussex Print Works, 1915


Sussex Print Works, 1915. Silk dress goods printed in black on white with a variation (S-226) of an "ant and swallow" design derived from the Bolling family crest in England, to honor the marriage of President Woodrow Wilson and Edith Bolling Galt in December 1915. This variation has a thin black check on a white ground, with scattered larger squares, white squares containing black ants and black squares containing white birds. The use of strict black and white reflects the fact that color dyes were scarce due to the blockade of Germany by British ships during WWI. German firms were the primary holders of dye and colorant patents, , and the blockade created a critical shortage of dyestuffs in the still-neutral United States in 1915-1916. When the US entered the war in 1917, on the British side, the German dye patents were seized and turned over to American manufacturers.

Date Made: 1915

Referenced: Wilson, Edith Bolling GaltMaker: Sussex Print Works

Location: Currently not on view

Place Made: United States: New Jersey, Newton

Related Event: World War I

Subject: World War I

See more items in: Home and Community Life: Textiles, American Silks, Bolling Crest Dress Silks, American Silk Industry, Textiles


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of Sussex Print Works, Newton, NJ

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: TE.T02961Accession Number: 59282Catalog Number: T02961.000

Object Name: fabric length

Physical Description: silk (overall material)black (overall color)white ground (overall color)plain weave (overall production method/technique)cylinder printed (overall production method/technique)Measurements: overall: 36 in x 40 in; 91.44 cm x 101.6 cm


Record Id: nmah_1164520

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