Duplan Silk Corporation figured crepe satin dress silk length; 1921. Figured novelty crepe in gold and cerise. A silk crepe fabric with a lustrous broken surface in an 'ondulee' or waved effect produced by the interlacing of the extra weft artificial silk yarns on the back of the fabric. These yarns floating on the face of the goods form a detached flower motif combined with a satin warp figure. These techniques create shadows and dimension within the motif. Colors are cerise and gold. Majority of detail in floral motif not visible on wrong side, which is nearly all gold.
Jean Leopold Duplan, a French businessman, founded Duplan Silk Company in New York in 1898 as an extension of his silk weaving plant in Lyons, France. The 1897 American tariff spurred Duplan to supply the American silk market with domestically made cloth. Duplan Silk began producing artificial silk (now known as rayon) as early as 1911. The lustrous artificial silk was spun from cellulose and a gelatin extracted from seaweed. Duplan himself was quite secretive about the artificial silk production process, keeping the looms in a separate, boarded section of the mill. Eventually, Duplan Silk produced silk velvets, formulated its own dyes, and printed fabrics in its own mill.
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