Duplan Silk Corporation figured crepe satin dress silk; 1921.


Duplan Silk Corporation figured crepe satin dress silk length; 1921. Figured novelty crepe in gold and cerise. A silk crepe fabric with a lustrous broken surface in an 'ondulee' or waved effect produced by the interlacing of the extra weft artificial silk yarns on the back of the fabric. These yarns floating on the face of the goods form a detached flower motif combined with a satin warp figure. These techniques create shadows and dimension within the motif. Colors are cerise and gold. Majority of detail in floral motif not visible on wrong side, which is nearly all gold.

Jean Leopold Duplan, a French businessman, founded Duplan Silk Company in New York in 1898 as an extension of his silk weaving plant in Lyons, France. The 1897 American tariff spurred Duplan to supply the American silk market with domestically made cloth. Duplan Silk began producing artificial silk (now known as rayon) as early as 1911. The lustrous artificial silk was spun from cellulose and a gelatin extracted from seaweed. Duplan himself was quite secretive about the artificial silk production process, keeping the looms in a separate, boarded section of the mill. Eventually, Duplan Silk produced silk velvets, formulated its own dyes, and printed fabrics in its own mill.

Date Made: 1921

Location: Currently not on view

Place Made: United States: New York, New York CityUnited States: Pennsylvania, HazletonAssociated Place: United States: New Jersey, Allentown

Web Subject: American Textile Industry


See more items in: Home and Community Life: Textiles, American Silks, American Silk Industry, American Textile Industry, Textiles


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of the Duplan Silk Corporation

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: TE.T04271.000Accession Number: 67087Catalog Number: T04271.000

Object Name: Fabric Length

Physical Description: silk (overall material)artificial silk (overall material)gold (overall color)cerise (overall color)crepe satin (overall style)jacquard woven, compound weave (overall production method/technique)Measurements: overall: 36 in x 40 in; 91.44 cm x 101.6 cm

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-826c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_1170350

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