Buffalo Soldier Uniform Coat


African American soldiers were allowed to enlist in the regular peacetime army of the United States for the first time at the end of the Civil War. Many of the new regulars had fought as United States Colored Troops during the war. By 1869, four African American regiments—the 9th and 10th Cavalry, the 24th and 25 Infantry—had been dispatched to the western frontier wars. Their duties were not limited to fighting Indians, who first called them "buffalo soldiers." In garrison, they drilled, stood guard, and maintained horses, barracks, weapons, and equipment. In the field, they patrolled harsh terrain in every extreme of weather, built or rebuilt army posts, strung telegraph wire, and escorted settlers, cattle herds, and railroad crews.

Date Made: ca. 1918Associated Dates: 1918-01-05-1919-03-19Associated Date: ca 1914-1918

User: Blayton, Benjamin B.

Location: Currently not on view

See more items in: Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military, Military, Clothing & Accessories, Cultures & Communities


Exhibition Location:

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: 1994.0339.06Catalog Number: 1994.0339.06Accession Number: 1994.0339

Object Name: coatOther Terms: Coat; Uniforms

Physical Description: cotton (overall material)metal (overall material)khaki (overall color)Measurements: average spatial: 39 cm x 70 cm; x 15 3/8 in x 27 9/16 inoverall (padded): 28 in x 18 1/2 in x 4 1/2 in; 71.12 cm x 46.99 cm x 11.43 cm

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-7613-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_1178252

Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.

If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions.