Lande-Edwards Membrane Oxygenator


In 1963, Dr. Arnold Lande and Dr. C. Walton Lillehei, surgeons at the University of Minnesota, decided to build an efficient yet simple membrane lung. The result has been described as “the first compact, totally disposable, commercially available membrane device manufactured on a large scale.” A label on the front of this example reads “LANDÉ-EDWARDS MEMBRANE OXYGENATOR.”

Ref: “NEW HEART PUMP SMALL AND SIMPLE,” New York Times (Feb. 16, 1967), p. 40.

Arnold Lande and Clarence Walton Lillehei, “Membrane Oxygenator-Dialyzer,” U.S. Patent 3,396,849 (Aug. 13, 1968), assigned to The Regents of The University of Minnesota.

“C. W. Lillehei, Leader in Open-Heart Surgery, Dies at 80,” New York Times (July 9, 1999), p. B9.

Date Made: 1968

Maker: Edwards Laboratories

Location: Currently not on view

Subject: Surgery


See more items in: Medicine and Science: Medicine


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Edwards Lifesciences, LLC

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: 2002.0151.16Accession Number: 2002.0151Catalog Number: 2002.0151.16

Object Name: Oxygenator

Measurements: overall: 20.3 cm x 21.3 cm x 23.5 cm; 8 in x 8 3/8 in x 9 1/4 in


Record Id: nmah_1213073

Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.

If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions.