This is a business dictation machine that uses wax cylinders to record and play back sound. The basic design for the machine emerged from research at the Volta Laboratory, Washington, D.C., the sound research facility established by Alexander Graham Bell with his associates Chichester Bell and Charles Sumner Tainter.

Tainter refined the design, patented several versions of it, and oversaw the manufacturing of the first six experimental graphophones at Bergmann & Co in New York in 1885. He also supervised the making of commercial models in a sewing machine factory in Bridgeport, Conn., beginning in 1887. In these early commercial machines, the dictation apparatus sits atop a sewing machine table and employs a treadle to rotate the mandrel holding the cylinder recording.

On this machine from 1888, the treadle is marked "American Graphophone Company"; the governor is marked "Patented July 20th 1886." The recorder-reproducer is marked: "The Phonograph-Graphophone m'f'd by the American Graphophone Company for Jesse H. Lippincott, Sole Licensee/ Type C No. 03042" and numerous patent dates.


Wile, Raymond R. "The Development of Sound Recording at the Volta Laboratory," Association for Recorded Sound Collections Journal 21, No. 2, 1990, pp. 208-225.

Date Made: ca 1888

Maker: American Graphophone Company

Location: Currently not on view

See more items in: Work and Industry: Mechanisms, Communications, Computers & Business Machines, Hear My Voice


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of Alexander Graham Bell

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: ME.287825Catalog Number: 287825Accession Number: 58498

Object Name: graphophone

Physical Description: metal (overall: mechanism material)metal: iron (overall: table frame material)wood (overall: table top material)Measurements: wheel: 12 in; 30.48 cmgovernor: 6 in x 3 in x 5 in; 15.24 cm x 7.62 cm x 12.7 cmrecording and repriducing device: 10 in x 6 1/2 in x 8 in; 25.4 cm x 16.51 cm x 20.32 cm


Record Id: nmah_1413891

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