Raoul Cortez's Underwood Typewriter

Description:

Raoul A. Cortez, journalist and broadcasting pioneer, got his start in Spanish-language media behind this typewriter. Cortez worked as a reporter for the Spanish-language newspaper, La Prensa, in San Antonio, Texas in the 1930s and 1940s. Writing news stories and opinion pieces, he advocated for the civil rights of Mexican Americans and in particular for the rights of Braceros and the desegregation of Texas schools. Cortez served twice as the president of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) in the late 1940s.

Cortez moved from print journalism to broadcasting after World War II by opening the first Latino-owned, Spanish-language radio station in the continental United States in 1946. The radio station, and later television station, carried his name in the call letters, KCOR.

The Underwood Typewriter Company produced the Champion model from 1932-1949. The keyboard on this model included an inverted question mark and exclamation point ensuring that users, such as Cortez, could create stories in Spanish.

Date Made: about 19371932-191932-1949Associated Date: 1937-1961

Maker: Underwood Elliot Fisher Company

Place Made: United States

Subject: JournalismLatino

Subject:

See more items in: Work and Industry: Production and Manufacturing, Work, KCOR Radio and Television

Exhibition: American Enterprise

Exhibition Location: National Museum of American History

Credit Line: Gift of Emilio and Irma Nicolas

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: 2014.0320.01Catalog Number: 2014.0320.01Accession Number: 2014.0320

Object Name: typewriter

Physical Description: metal; rubber (overall material)Measurements: overall: 6 1/4 in x 12 1/4 in x 11 1/4 in; 15.875 cm x 31.115 cm x 28.575 cm

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746af-7a1d-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_1591332

Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.

If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions.