Reward of Merit with Patriotic Motifs for Good Behavior presented to John Keyser in 1869


Reward of merit for good behavior, hand colored, depicting a patriotic theme with three illustrations. The first is Lady Liberty is depicted wearing a liberty cap on the left side of the certificate. She is wearing a white skirt and blouse and holding a flaming scepter. Her skirt has a flag motif with red stripes and white stars on a blue background. In the middle is the second patriotic image, an eagle with wings spread clutching a flag staff in its left talon. A tasseled flag hangs down from the eagle’s right wing. On the right side is an American flag set against a sunrise on a base of clouds, the thisrd patriotic image. Patriotic imagery in the classroom was particularly prominent from 1880 through 1920's when an Americanization movement was common in schools. This reward appears to be part of that period.

Along the top border of the reward are the words, “Union Reward, for Children, who must be good, or suffer loss of character.” The publishers name is printed along the bottom border: “J. Hains. Paper and Envelope Manufacturer, and Job Printer. Delaware, Ohio.” Along the left border of the reward the words “For Good Behavior” are printed vertically, and on the right border, also vertical, are the words “And diligent study.” This was typical fro rewards of this time period encouraged best behaviors over academic excellence. The inscription reads, “To Lizzie Knause From Geo. W. Hackler.”

Location: Currently not on view

Place Made: United States: Ohio, Delaware

Used: Education


See more items in: Home and Community Life: Education


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of Dr. Richard Lodish American School Collection

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: 2014.0244.013Accession Number: 2014.0244Catalog Number: 2014.0244.013

Object Name: reward of merit

Physical Description: paper (overall material)ink (overall material)Measurements: overall: 7.3 cm x 16.5 cm; 2 7/8 in x 6 1/2 in


Record Id: nmah_1692587

Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.

If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions.