Smeloff-Cutter Modified Caged Ball Valve

Description (Brief):

This double caged ball valve for aortic valve replacement was developed by Edward Smeloff M.D. The struts at the top and bottom of the valve remain open and unconnected to the lower surface area. It has a titanium skeleton with a silastic ball and cloth suture. Its advantages are long term durability and good hemodynamics. The disadvantages are a high embolic rate and the need to take an anticoagulant. This valve is a size T, with serial number 534A. A 1975 study on 200 patients who received this implant yielded a hospital mortality rate of 22% and a thromboembolic complication rate of 15%. Another study of 134 patients with a mean age of 54 years and aortic stenosis as the dominant issue yielded an 85% survival rate of 5 years and a 75% survival rate of eight years. Its main structural problem is that of ball variance, but it has an advantage over disc valves with a lower rate of thrombotic stenosis.

Description (Brief)

Edward Smeloff (1925-2012) worked with the engineering department at Sacramento State College to develop a mechanical heart. The Smelloff-Cutter valve was the result of this effort. The valve was manufactured by Cutter Laboratories, a family-owned pharmaceutical company in Berkeley, California founded by Edward Ahern Cutter in 1897.

Date Made: ca 1966

Maker: Cutter Laboratories, Inc.

Location: Currently not on view

Place Made: United States: California, Berkeley

Subject: CardiologyProsthesisArtificial Organs


See more items in: Medicine and Science: Medicine, Health & Medicine, Artificial Heart Valves


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of Manuel VillafaƱa

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: 2015.0031.22Catalog Number: 2015.0031.22Accession Number: 2015.0031Serial Number: 534A

Object Name: cardiologyartificial heart valve

Physical Description: silastic (valve material)titanium (valve material)cloth (valve material)silicone rubber (valve material)Measurements: valve: 3.9 cm x 4.3 cm; 1 17/32 in x 1 11/16 in


Record Id: nmah_1726274

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