Kay-Shiley Mitral Heart Valve

Description:

This is a type 1 Kay-Shiley non-tilting disc valve, the most common type of Kay-Shiley valve. It has four vertical struts form two parallel bars made of Stellite, and the disc is made of a radiolucent silicone rubber. It was first used in 1965. Dr. Viking Bjork (1918-2009) implanted Kay-Shiley aortic valves in 60 patients, but results were disappointing. There were incidences of thromoembolism, sudden death, disc wear (particularly the edges), the narrowing of the artery, valvular leaks, disc cocking, and disc variance. Another weakness of this design is that it only took a small amount of thrombus to interfere with disc mobility. In contrast, there is another case of a woman who received a Kay-Shiley mitral implant and went 299 months without valve dysfunction. The accompanying label reads, "KAY--SHILEY #7 Heart Valve"

In 1956, Dr. Earle B. Kay (1911-2000) of St. Vincent Charity Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio helped to perform open-heart surgery using his own heart-lung machine, the Kay-Cross Disc Oxygenator. Donald Shiley (1920-2010), an engineer, was one of the co-inventors of the Bjork–Shiley artificial heart valve. He graduated from the University of Portland in 1951, where he studied engineering. Later, he established his own company, Shiley Laboratories. His first valve was developed with heart-surgeon Dr. Earle Kay, and it was the first disc valve.

Date Made: after 1965

Maker: Shiley Incorporated

Location: Currently not on view

Place Made: United States: California, Irvine

Subject: CardiologyProsthesisArtificial Organs

Subject:

See more items in: Medicine and Science: Medicine, Health & Medicine, Artificial Heart Valves

Exhibition:

Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of Manuel Villafaña

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: 2015.0031.44Catalog Number: 2015.0031.44Accession Number: 2015.0031Serial Number: 7K527

Object Name: cardiologyartificial heart valve

Physical Description: stellite (overall material)silicone rubber (overall material)cloth (overall material)Measurements: overall: 1.6 cm x 3.5 cm x 3.5 cm; 5/8 in x 1 3/8 in x 1 3/8 in

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-72e6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_1757037

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