A nitrometer determines the amount of nitrogen in a substance. Walter Crum, a practical chemist in Glasgow, published an account of the nitrogen reaction in 1847. George Lunge, a German chemist working in Zurich, described a practical nitrometer in 1878. An inscription on this example reads "CCM".

Ref: Walter Crum, “On a Method for the Analysis of Bodies containing Nitric Acid, and its application to Explosive Cotton,” Philosophical Magazine 30 (1847): 426-431.

W. C. Cope and J. Barab, “Application of the Nitrometer for the Determination of Constitution and Estimation of Nitrogen in a Class of Nitrocompounds (Nitroamines),” Journal of the American Chemical Society 38 (1916): 2552-2558.

Location: Currently not on view

See more items in: Medicine and Science: Chemistry


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of University of Pennsylvania Chemistry Lab

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: CH.315823.014Catalog Number: 315823.014Accession Number: 217523

Object Name: Nitrometer

Measurements: overall: 610 mm x 102 mm x 20 mm; 24 in x 4 in x 13/16 inoverall: 24 in x 4 1/4 in x 1 7/8 in; 60.96 cm x 10.795 cm x 4.7625 cm


Record Id: nmah_1827

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