New American Practical Arithmetic by Samuel Mecutchen and George Mornton Sayre


Part of the Butler's Series, this textbook combines and revises the second and third parts of an earlier work, The New American Arithmetic. It claims to have put oral and written arithmetic lessons together for the first time. However, an 1868 publication entitled White's Primary Arithmetic (2017.3049.74) makes the same assertion. The preface of The New American Practical Arithmetic states the authors' hope that: "... it will meet the wants of those teachers who desire more compact text-books, fewer rules, more concise definitions, and oral work that shall be a help to the written." Answers to the written exercises are contained in an appendix beginning on page 357. This revised edition has a copyright date of 1877 but was published 1886.

An inside front cover page features an inscription by the owner: “Isabella Long, Snyder Schoolhouse, Bethel, Berks Co., Pa., June 10, 1888.” The brown front and back covers feature the circular logo of the publisher, E.H. Butler & Co. The front inside cover pages contain ads for other Butler publications. The back inside cover pages reproduce a multiplication table and a list of weights and measurements. It is 382 pages in length.

Samuel Mecutchen (b. 1827) was a prolific writer and editor. In addition to his American Arithmetic series for Butler, he wrote: The First Reader, The New American Primary Speller, and Graded Problems in Arithmetic and Mensuration. Co-author George Mornton Sayre (b. 1837) collaborated with Mecutchen throughout the decades-long Butler’s American Arithmetic series.

E.H. Butler & Company was a successful publishing firm based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was founded in 1846 by Elijah Hunt Butler. Upon his death in 1868, the firm was managed by his son, Edgar Hunt Butler. In 1898, there was a merger of E.H. Butler & Company and E.B. Sheldon & Company, resulting in the formation of the publishing house of Butler, Sheldon & Company. This firm was acquired by the American Book Company in 1903.

Date Made: 1886Copyright Date: 1877

Place Made: United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

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Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of Dr. Richard Lodish American School Collection

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: 2017.3049.73Nonaccession Number: 2017.3049Catalog Number: 2017.3049.73

Object Name: book

Physical Description: paper (overall material)ink (overall material)Measurements: overall: 7 1/4 in x 5 in x 1 in; 18.415 cm x 12.7 cm x 2.54 cm


Record Id: nmah_1954520

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