Photograph of Amy Cohen while a member of the Brown University gymnastics team

Description (Brief):

Photograph of Amy Cohen while a member of the Brown University gymnastics team. Cohen was the co-captain of the 1992 Brown University’s Women’s Gymnastics team and one of twelve plaintiffs in a Title IX lawsuit against the school. As explained by Cohen, "In 1991, Brown University cut funding for four varsity teams including women’s gymnastics. The university thought it was complying with Title IX because it was cutting 2 men’s sports and 2 women’s sports. However, women were underrepresented before the cuts and disproportionately affected by the cuts, In a precedent-setting ruling, which set the standard for determining a school’s compliance with Title IX in the area of athletics, the court mandated that Brown create a plan to comply with the law. In 1997, the U.S. Supreme Court declined Brown’s petition to hear the case, all four teams were restored to university-funded status, and Brown promoted four additional women’s teams to varsity status. Cohen v. Brown was the first Title IX case of its type to receive an appellate court decision. The Civil Rights division of the Department of Justice filed an amicus curiae brief in support of the plaintiffs in the appeals court."

Description (Brief)

In the March 15, 2019 issue of the Brown University’s, College Hill Independent, “Cohen v. Brown would go on to define how athletics departments manage participation opportunities at Brown and surrounding universities. Almost 30 years later, “following recent federal announcements of changes to the ways universities must interpret Title IX.... , this case exemplifies the complexity of the law’s impact on gender equity in higher education.”

Depicted: Cohen, Amy

Location: Currently not on view

Name Of Sport: GymnasticsLevel Of Sport: collegiateWeb Subject: WomenTitle IXCivil Rights Movement

Subject:

See more items in: Culture and the Arts: Sport and Leisure, Sports & Leisure

Exhibition:

Exhibition Location:

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: 2019.0202.16.1Accession Number: 2019.0202Catalog Number: 2019.0202.16.1

Object Name: photographphotograph, gymnastics

Physical Description: paper (overall material)Measurements: overall: 5 in x 3 1/2 in; 12.7 cm x 8.89 cm

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-febe-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_1968813

Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.

If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions.