Cailletet's Apparatus for Liquification of Gas


Louis Paul Cailletet (1832-1913), director of the chemistry laboratory at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, succeeded in liquifying oxygen in 1877, and this achievement was widely reported in the scientific press. Soon thereafter, the Paris instrument maker, Eugene Ducretet, began producing Cailletet apparatus suitable for student use. This example was used at Amherst College. The inscription on the manometer dial reads "E. DUCRETET & CIE PARIS,"

Ref: “DeCaillete’s Apparatus,” Nature 18 (1878): 46-47

“Liquifaction of Gases—Cailletet’s Apparatus,” Scientific American (Feb. 23, 1878): 111-112.

Faidra Papenelopoulou, “Louis Paul Cailletet: The Liquefaction of Oxygen and the Emergence of Low Temperature Research,” Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 67 (2013): 355-373.

Originator: Cailletet, Louis PaulMaker: E. Ducretet & Cie

Location: Currently not on view

Place Made: France: Île-de-France, Paris

See more items in: Medicine and Science: Chemistry


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of Amherst College Department of Physics

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: CH.328743Catalog Number: 328743Accession Number: 277678

Object Name: Cailletet's Apparatus for Liquification of Gasapparatus, gas liquification

Measurements: overall: 132 cm x 58.5 cm; 51 15/16 in x 23 1/16 in[ill.] base: 42 cm x 25.4 cm x 28 cm; 16 9/16 in x 10 in x 11 inoverall: 50 in x 38 in x 26 in; 127 cm x 96.52 cm x 66.04 cm


Record Id: nmah_2547

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