Ehestands - Freuden


Sentimental genre prints documented the social image of Victorian virtue through domestic scenes of courtship, family, home life, and images of the “genteel female.” Children are depicted studying nature or caring for their obedient pets as they learn their place in the greater world. Romantic scenes picture devoted husbands with their contented, dutiful wives. In these prints, young women educated in reading, music, needlework, the arts, the language of flowers, basic math and science are subjugated to their family’s needs.

These prints became popular as lithography was introduced to 19th Century Americans. As a new art form, it was affordable for the masses and provided a means to share visual information by crossing the barriers of race, class and language. Sentimental prints encouraged the artistic endeavors of schoolgirls and promoted the ambitions of amateur artists, while serving as both moral instruction and home or business decoration. They are a pictorial record of our romanticized past.

This colored print depicts a man standing next to a seated woman. The man is pointing out to the woman a button that has popped off of his shirt. The woman is preparing needle and thread for sewing and has a sewing basket at her feet. The two are wearing simple clothing. Behind the man is a wall mounted mirror and a table with a jug on it. To the right of the woman is another table with a jug and a bench. The title indicates the man is a bachelor from Leiden, Germany.

Johann Friederich Hesse was an artist, lithographer & printer active in Berlin 1838-1870. He produced popular prints of Martin Luther and genre drawings and worked with publisher W. Zawitz.

W. Zawitz was a publisher of books, lithographs, and maps in Germany ca 1840-1870.

Date Made: n.d.

Printer: Hesse, Johann FriederichPublisher: Zawitz, W.

Location: Currently not on view

Place Made: Germany: Berlin, Berlin

Subject: FurnishingsDrinkingCostumeLightingSewing and KnittingMarriage


See more items in: Home and Community Life: Domestic Life, Art, Peters Prints, Domestic Furnishings


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: DL.60.2297Catalog Number: 60.2297Accession Number: 228146

Object Name: lithographObject Type: Lithograph

Physical Description: hand-colored (image production method/technique)ink (overall material)paper (overall material)Measurements: image: 13 in x 10 in; 33.02 cm x 25.4 cmoverall: 16 3/4 in x 12 1/2 in; 42.545 cm x 31.75 cm


Record Id: nmah_324635

Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.

If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions.