Rachel

Description:

Sentimental genre prints documented the social image of Victorian virtue through domestic scenes of courtship, family, home life, and images of the “genteel female.” Children are depicted studying nature or caring for their obedient pets as they learn their place in the greater world. Romantic scenes picture devoted husbands with their contented, dutiful wives. In these prints, young women educated in reading, music, needlework, the arts, the language of flowers, basic math and science are subjugated to their family’s needs.

These prints became popular as lithography was introduced to 19th Century Americans. As a new art form, it was affordable for the masses and provided a means to share visual information by crossing the barriers of race, class and language. Sentimental prints encouraged the artistic endeavors of schoolgirls and promoted the ambitions of amateur artists, while serving as both moral instruction and home or business decoration. They are a pictorial record of our romanticized past.

This three-quarter length hand colored portrait is of a young dark haired woman standing indoors. She is looking over her left shoulder as she leafs through a book which rests on an ornate table along with a vase of flowers. The woman is wearing a white dress, a necklace and three gold bracelets. In the background is red drapery with gold fringe and patterned wallpaper.

This print was produced by James S Baillie, who was active in New York from 1838 to 1855. James Baillie started as a framer in 1838, and then became an artist and lithographer in 1843 or 1844. He discovered how to color lithographs while working as an independent contractor for Currier & Ives in the mid 1840’s. A prolific lithographer and colorist for Currier & Ives; his prints were extremely popular with a wide distribution. J. Baillie spent his later years concentrating on painting instead of lithography.

Date Made: ca 1846

Distributors: Sowle & ShawMaker: Baillie, James S.

Location: Currently not on view

Place Made: United States: New York, New York City

Subject: FurnishingsMarriageFlowers

Subject:

See more items in: Home and Community Life: Domestic Life, Clothing & Accessories, Art, Peters Prints, Domestic Furnishings

Exhibition:

Exhibition Location:

Related Publication: Peters, Harry T.. America on Stone

Credit Line: Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: DL.60.2497Catalog Number: 60.2497Accession Number: 228146

Object Name: lithographObject Type: Lithograph

Physical Description: paper (overall material)ink (overall material)Measurements: image: 11 1/2 in x 8 1/2 in; 29.21 cm x 21.59 cm

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a1-3216-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_324818

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