Temperance, but No Maine-Law by Augustus Fay


Black and white print of the lavishly decorated “Gem Saloon,” known for containing the city's largest mirror. The top of the mirror features a large eagle. The “Gem Saloon” was located in a hotel on the corner of Broadway and Anthony (now Worth Street) in New York City. Mayor Fernando Wood and eleven male politicians and businessmen are depicted drinking and conversing along with two bartenders and a dog. The title refers to the debate that was raging over the regulation of alcohol and a temperance movement that was launched in 1850 by the mayor of Portland, Maine in 1850. The Maine state bill forbid all alcoholic purchases except for "medicinal, mechanical or manufacturing purposes", resulting in an increase of alcoholic “quackery” medicines. Several other cities and states followed Maine’s example in legislation. In New York liquor law was passed in 1854 but vetoed by Governor Horatio Seymour. Then in 1855, with a new administration, the "Maine Law" was passed in New York, though it was never strictly enforced.

Augustus Fay was an engraver, lithographer and illustrator born in New York in 1824. He was active as an engraver in New York City 1848-1860, and as a lithographer in Hoboken, New Jersey and in New York in the 1850s.

Date Made: 1854

Maker: Fay, Augustus

Location: Currently not on view

Place Made: United States: New Jersey, HobokenDepicted: United States: New York, New York City

Subject: ClocksDrinkingEatingChronology: 1850-1859LightingPatriotism and Patriotic SymbolsBirdsAdornmentReform MovementsState GovernmentFurnishingsArchitecture, Commercial BuildingsDepicted: EaglesDogs


See more items in: Home and Community Life: Domestic Life, Clothing & Accessories, Temperance Movement, Art, Peters Prints, Domestic Furnishings


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: DL.60.3000Catalog Number: 60.3000Accession Number: 228146

Object Name: lithographObject Type: Lithograph

Measurements: image: 18 7/8 in x 25 1/8 in; 47.9425 cm x 63.8175 cm

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a1-2b35-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_325263

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