United States M1 Rifle


Physical Description

United States M1 .30-caliber rifle.

Specific History

John Garand was a civil service employee. As the chief civilian engineer at the Springfield Armory in Massachusetts, he invented a semiautomatic .30-caliber rifle known as the M1 or the "Garand." His work on this rifle let the United States enter into World War II as the only country with a semiautomatic rifle as standard issue for its troops. Garand received no monetary award other than his modest civil service salary for the M-1 or his numerous other technical innovations related to weapons. A bill was introduced in Congress to grant him $100,000, but it did not pass. However, in 1941 he was awarded a Medal for Meritorious Service. In 1944 he received a U.S. Government Medal for Merit.

General History

The United States M1 Rifle, .30 caliber, is better known as the M1 Garand. This rifle made General George Patton state, "In my opinion, the M1 rifle is the greatest battle implement ever devised."

Licensee: Garand, J. C.Maker: Springfield Armory

Place Made: United States

Subject: FirearmsRelated Event: World War IIThe Great Depression and World War II


See more items in: Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military, Military, ThinkFinity

Exhibition: Price of Freedom

Exhibition Location: National Museum of American History

Credit Line: Department of Defense. Marine Corps Museum

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: AF.84450MCatalog Number: 84450MAccession Number: 1978.0623

Object Name: rifle, semiautomaticOther Terms: rifle, semiautomatic; Firearms; Center Fire; .30 In; Rifled; 06; 6A; 10

Physical Description: wood (overall material)steel (overall material)Measurements: overall: 6 in x 43 1/2 in x 3 1/2 in; 15.24 cm x 110.49 cm x 8.89 cm

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a2-2252-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_418516

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