Confederate Battle Flag


Physical Description

Red, white, and blue cloth.

General History

The Confederate battle flag was born of necessity after the Battle of Bull Run. Amid the smoke and general chaos of battle, it was hard to distinguish the Confederate national flag, the “Stars and Bars," from the U. S. national flag, the "Stars and Stripes.” Confederate Congressman William Porcher Miles suggested that the army have a distinct battle flag. General Pierre T. Beauregard chose a variation on the cross of St. Andrew. The battle flag features a blue cross, edged with a white band on a red field. There are three stars on each arm of the cross and one star in the center. The stars represented each of the states of the Confederacy, plus one. Beauregard was betting that one of the states with pro-Confederacy leanings, Maryland, Kentucky, or Missouri, would join the Southern cause. That never happened, but the flag remained the same for the remainder of the war.

Date Made: 1861Associated Date: 1863-07-02

Associated Place: United States: Pennsylvania, Gettysburg

Related Event: Civil WarBattle of Gettysburg, 1863Civil War and Reconstruction

Subject: Flags

See more items in: Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military, Military, ThinkFinity

Exhibition: Price of Freedom

Exhibition Location: National Museum of American History

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: AF.59858MCatalog Number: 59858MAccession Number: 219818

Object Name: flagOther Terms: flag; Military; CSA, Army; Battle; Rgt, North Carolina

Physical Description: wool (overall material)Measurements: overall: 48 in x 48 in; 121.92 cm x 121.92 cm


Record Id: nmah_439645

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