John McLaughlin; coverlet; Figured and Fancy, double cloth; 1848; Ohio


Scottish immigrant weaver, John McLaughlin (b. 1788) is almost certainly the weaver of this red and white, Figured and Fancy, double cloth coverlet. The centerfield design is made up of two variations of the “Double Rose” carpet medallion pattern and is smaller sunburst medallions complete the centerfield design. There are borders along three sides, each depicting rows of floral designs between sawtooth designs and atop diamond tracery. The cornerblock inscriptions read, “Pyna.Rose/Wove.In/Logan Co/Ohio.By/I.M./1848.” Pyna Rose refers to this particular pattern and I.M. are John McLaughlin’s initials, the I being traditionally interchangeable with the J. The 1850 Federal Census records McLauglin as a weaver outside of Bellefontaine in Jefferson Township, Logan County, Ohio with real estate valued at $2000. An 1851 newspaper advertisement in the Logan Gazette lists a man named Niven as either a business partner or retailer for McLaughlin’s “Flowered and Double Coverlets.” McLaughlin’s extant coverlets date from 1847-1853, but he appears to have stopped using the I.M. initials in 1849. The coverlet measures 87 inches by 75 inches and was constructed from two panels.

Date Made: 1848

Maker: I. M.

Location: Currently not on view

Place Woven: United States: Ohio, Logan county

See more items in: Home and Community Life: Textiles, Coverlets, Textiles, Domestic Furnishings


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of Mrs. Jessie F. Tracy

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: TE.T14955Catalog Number: T14955Accession Number: 285840

Object Name: coverlet, figured

Physical Description: double weave (overall production method/technique)cotton, wool (overall material)Measurements: overall: 88 in x 75 in; 223.52 cm x 190.5 cmfringe, sides: 2 in; 5.08 cm


Record Id: nmah_621586

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