Jacob B. Gernand; coverlet; Jacquard; tied-Beiderwand; 1836-1839; Maryland


This blue and white, Jacquard, tied-Beiderwand coverlet can be attributed to Jacob B. Gernand (1797-1871) likely between the years 1836-1839 in Graceham, Frederick County, Maryland. This coverlet features a “Double Flower” carpet medallion centerfield, possibly a chrysanthemum, with a double “Tulip and Vine” and Greek key side border and stylized “Fruiting Hops Vine” bottom border. There is a self-fringe on the sides and bottom border. "MIDDLE/TOWN/FRED_K/COUNTY/MARY-" is woven into the lowers cornerblocks. It is these cornerblocks that help to attribute this coverlet to Gernand. Of the known weavers in Frederick County, Maryland, Jacob B. Gernand is the only weaver to abbreviate Frederick as “FRED_K.” Gernand purchased the rights to a patented Jacquard loom in 1835, and his only dated coverlet was woven in 1836. This coverlet measures 79 inches by 74 inches and is constructed of two panels with a center seam. Gernand used 3-ply, S-twist, Z-spun cotton for the warp and weft, 2-ply, S-twist, Z-spun wool for the pattern weft, and Z-spun cotton singles as a binding warp.

Jacob Gernand was born in Frederick County and married three times. His first wife was Elizabeth Williar. He married his second wife, Anna Theodora Becker in 1823, and his third wife was Sybilla Wilhide. He had children with each of his wives. Two of those children were also known weavers, Eugene J. Gernand and William H. Gernand (1823-1883). Jacob was very active in the Moravian Church and served as his local postmaster for many decades. The 1850 Maryland Census listed Jacob as a farm with real estate valued at $1450.

Date Made: 1836-1839

Referenced: Uber, FrederickCoride, Andrew

Location: Currently not on view

Place Made: United States: Maryland, Middletown

See more items in: Home and Community Life: Textiles, Coverlets, Textiles


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of Mrs. John H, Murray

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: TE.T17298Catalog Number: T17298T.17298Accession Number: 315253

Object Name: coverlet, figuredcoverlet

Physical Description: cotton, wool (overall material)blue, white (overall color)Jacquard (overall production method/technique)tied-Beiderwand (overall production method/technique)Measurements: overall: 79 in x 74 in; 200.66 cm x 187.96 cm

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-91a5-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_649746

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