1879 Almanac

Description:

Titled Un Calendario Curioso para 1879, this almanac was printed in Mexico at the beginning of the Porfiriato—the period between 1876 and 1911 dominated by the presidency of Porfirio Díaz. This was a period of intense foreign investment in Mexico. U.S. corporations were especially active in Mexico's mining industry, which was now connected to the United States by an ever-expanding web of railroads. While many fortunes were made during this era of peace and economic growth, the boom did not trickle down to the rural poor or the urban working classes. Many small farmers and indigenous communities lost their fields to powerful landlords and plantation owners. The middle and upper classes also grew disgruntled as the political elite stifled the country's democracy in the name of progress. This almanac offers a window into the everyday lives of Mexicans living in the late 1800s. In addition to a year-long forecast, it includes a timeline of world and Mexican history, highlighting dates such Noah's flood and the execution of Emperor Maximilian. A section at the end offers an elaborate list of recipes selected by "people of good taste" for "people of all classes."

Description (Spanish): Titulado <i>Un Calendario Curioso para 1879</i>, este calendario se imprimió en México a principios del <i>Porfiriato</i>&#8212;el período abarcado entre 1876 y 1911 bajo la presidencia de Porfirio Díaz, que se caracterizó por intensas inversiones extranjeras en México. Las compañías estadounidenses se mostraron especialmente activas en la industria minera mexicana, que gozaba ahora de la conexión a Estados Unidos mediante una red de ferrocarriles en constante expansión. Si bien se amasaron muchas fortunas durante esta época de paz y crecimiento económico, la prosperidad no llegó hasta las zonas rurales pobres ni hasta las clases trabajadoras urbanas. Muchos pequeños granjeros y comunidades indígenas perdieron sus campos a manos de poderosos propietarios y terratenientes de las plantaciones. Incluso empezó a reinar el descontento entre las clases media y alta ante una elite política que sofocaba la democracia en nombre del progreso. Este calendario abre una ventana sobre las vidas cotidianas de los mexicanos que vivieron a fines del 1800. Además de un pronóstico anual, incluye una cronología de la historia del mundo y de México, destacándose fechas tales como la inundación de Noé y la ejecución del Emperador Maximiliano. Una sección al final, contiene una lista de recetas seleccionadas por la "gente de buen gusto" para la "gente de todas las clases".

Place Made: MexicoLocation Where Used: Mexico

Classified As: Food CultureReferenced: Popular CultureUsed: LatinoSubject: Printing

Subject:

See more items in: Home and Community Life: Ethnic, Cultures & Communities, Family & Social Life, Mexican America

Exhibition:

Exhibition Location:

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: CL.300959.14Catalog Number: 300959.14Accession Number: 300959

Object Name: pamphlet

Physical Description: ink (overall material)paper (overall material)Measurements: overall: 14 cm x 9.5 cm; 5 1/2 in x 3 3/4 in

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a4-e2b9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_660618

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