Carrel-Lindbergh perfusion pump


This perfusion pump was invented by aviator Charles Lindbergh and Dr. Alexis Carrel, recipient of the 1912 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine for his work in vascular surgery.

The glass pump was used to preserve animal organs outside the body, by pushing "artificial blood" through the pump and into the organ by way of a tube connected to the organ's artery keeping the organ alive for weeks. The Lindbergh-Carrel perfusion pump led to the development of the heart-lung machine and the feasibility of stopping the heart for open-heart surgery.

Ref: Emily Redman, “To Save His Dying Sister-in-Law, Charles Lindbergh Invented a Medical Device,” Smithsonian Magazine (Sept. 9, 2015).

Date Made: ca 1935

Inventor: Lindbergh, Charles A.Maker: Hopf, Otto

Location: Currently not on view

Place Made: United States: New York, New York

Subject: MedicalArtificial Organs


See more items in: Medicine and Science: Medicine, Health & Medicine, Artificial Hearts


Exhibition Location:

Related Publication: Hallowell, Christopher. Charles Lindbergh's Artificial Heart

Credit Line: Georgetown University

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: MG.M-12298Accession Number: 279576Catalog Number: M-12298

Object Name: pumpperfusion pump

Physical Description: glass (overall material)Measurements: overall: 45 cm x 20 cm x 11 cm; 17 23/32 in x 7 7/8 in x 4 11/32 in


Record Id: nmah_688713

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