Hinged Parallel Rule Signed D. W. Bellows


This 24" boxwood instrument has two blades held together by three metal (possibly copper) hinges. The middle hinge is curved and has a slide with a thumbscrew that allows the user to fix the separation between the blades at a desired width. This hinge is marked: PAT APL'D FOR. The top blade is 1/2" wide and 22" long. The bottom blade is 7/8" wide, divided to 1/2", and numbered by ones from 1 to 12 to 1. The back is marked: D. W. BELLOWS (/) MFR. (/) PAWTUCKET, R.I.

Dexter W. Bellows (1856–1940) was a funeral director in Pawtucket, R.I., from 1892 until his death. He designed this rule in 1896 to assist in placing handles evenly along the sides of caskets. No patent record has been found, but the National Casket Company of Baltimore is known to have distributed the rule.

References: Peggy A. Kidwell, "American Parallel Rules: Invention on the Fringes of Industry," Rittenhouse 10, no. 39 (1996): 90–96; "The Bellows Gauge for Placing Casket Handles," Providence Journal of Commerce (1896): 32; Bellows Funeral Chapel, "Our History," http://www.bellowsfuneralchapel.com/?page=ourhistory0.

Date Made: 1896–1919

Maker: Bellows, Dexter W.

Location: Currently not on view

Place Made: United States: Rhode Island, Pawtucket

Subject: MathematicsFuneralsCarpentry


See more items in: Medicine and Science: Mathematics, Science & Mathematics, Parallel Rules


Exhibition Location:

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: 1987.0751.02Catalog Number: 1987.0751.02Accession Number: 1987.0751

Object Name: parallel rule

Physical Description: wood (overall material)copper (overall material)Measurements: overall: 2.3 cm x 61 cm x 3.5 cm; 29/32 in x 24 1/32 in x 1 3/8 in

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-08ed-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_690224

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