Leaflet, Woodworth-Mathews Personal Data Sheet


During World War I, psychologist Robert S. Woodworth (1869-1962) of Columbia University developed a personal data sheet, or test of personality, to be used to screen recruits and weed out those susceptible to shell shock. The test was not given to large numbers of soldiers, but was the forerunner of this and several other tests. After the war, C.H. Stoelting Company published this revision of Woodworth’s test which was devised by the physician and Columbia graduate student Ellen Mathews (1877- 1933?) and her colleagues for use with school children. Developed beginning in 1921, it sold by at least 1924 (the copyright on this copy). V. M. Cady developed another version of the test, called the Woodworth-Cady Personal Data Sheet. It also was published by Stoelting.


Mathews, E. “A Study of Emotional Stability in Children,” Journal of Delinquency, 1923, 8, pp. 1-40. This paper was based on her Columbia University PhD. dissertation.

Hopkins, Grace C., A Critical Evaluation of Standardized Material on the Measurement of Personality, M.A. Dissertation, University of Arizona, 1943. Hopkins discusses the Personal Data Sheet on pp. 60-64. She also mentions on the following page the Woodworth-Cady version of the data sheet. See http://hdl.handle.net/10150/553632, accessed April 3, 2020.

Popplestone, J.A. and M.W. McPherson, An Illustrated History of American Psychology, Akron: Akron University Press,1999, p. 137 indicates that Mathews received her M.D. from Pacific College in 1912 and her PhD. from Columbia in 1923.She had graduated from Stanford University in 1902.

Dorothy VanAlstyne, “A Study of Ten Gifted Children whose School Progress was Unsatisfactory,” The Journal of Educational Research, 1923, 8: pp.122-135. On p. 127, VanAlstyne refers to a test of “emotional instability” developed by Miss Ellen Mathews and Miss Elizabeth Irwin on the basis of the test Woodworth developed during the war. Elsewhere she refers to this as the Woodworth-Mathews test. VanAlstyne was associated with Teachers College of Columbia University.

Date Made: 1924

Maker: C. H. Stoelting Company

Location: Currently not on view

Subject: MathematicsPsychological Tests


See more items in: Medicine and Science: Mathematics, Science & Mathematics


Exhibition Location:

Credit Line: Gift of Samuel Kavruck

Data Source: National Museum of American History

Id Number: 1990.0034.013Catalog Number: 1990.0034.013Accession Number: 1990.0034

Object Name: Leaflet

Physical Description: paper (overall material)Measurements: overall: .1 cm x 14 cm x 21.6 cm; 1/32 in x 5 1/2 in x 8 1/2 in

Guid: http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-1a46-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa

Record Id: nmah_692302

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